The Green Wine region, the largest Portuguese wine-growing area, extends throughout the northwest of the country, being limited to the North by the River Minho, to the West by the Atlantic Ocean and to the south by the River Douro. The current Green Wine Region was delimited at the beginning of the 20th century and today it is divided into nine sub-regions: Monção, Lima, Basto, Cávado, Ave, Amarante, Baião, Sousa and Paiva. As the region's vineyards occupy about 21 thousand hectares of soil, which corresponds to about 15% of the country's wine-growing area.
In the region the climate is mild throughout the year as it is influenced by the sea breezes of the Atlantic Ocean, however, the capacity levels are quite high and the humidity relatively high. The distribution of rain is mainly concentrated in the winter and spring months. These are the characteristics that justify the green scenarios that predominate in the region.
With regard to soils, in most of the region they are granitic, with high acidity and a low level of phosphorus.
The production of white wines predominates in the region, but rosés and red wines are also mandatory. Currently, Red Wine represents an increasingly small share in the production of the region and is mainly consumed by local populations.
The main varieties grown for the production of Green White Wine are Loureiro, Trajadura, Alvarinho and Arinto (also nicknamed Pedernã). For Tinto, Vinhão predominates.
The wines available in this region are generally fruity with a slight degree of acidity, modified with a moderate alcohol content and pleasant freshness. They should be eaten, preferably with salads, white meats, fish and seafood, sushi, other light dishes.
The largest wine growing area in Portugal...